Tag Archives: S. Res. 120

US Congress condemns boycotts of Israel

On July 23, 2019, Congress passed H. Res. 246 condemning boycotts of Israel. (398 – 17) [The full text is copied below.]

The resolution was obviously drafted by AIPAC — Israel’s powerful lobbying organization working against all efforts to “delegitimize” [AIPAC’s word, not mine] the State of Israel.

The U.S. Congress opposes the Global Boycott, Divestment, and Sanctions Movement (BDS Movement) targeting Israel, including efforts to target United States companies that are engaged in commercial activities that are legal under United States law, and all efforts to delegitimize the State of Israel;

This comes at the same time that the U.N. Special Rapporteur is recommending a global BDS (boycott, divestment and sanctions) movement against Israel because no other actions by the United Nations or the international community have deterred Israel’s occupation and steady march towards ethnic cleansing of the Palestinians from their land.

As the ACLU has repeatedly informed Congress, political boycotts are fully protected by the First Amendment. The Supreme Court made that clear when it recognized, in a landmark 1982 decision called NAACP v. Claiborne Hardware, that the Constitution protected a 1960s boycott of white-owned businesses in Mississippi.

The 17 NAY votes included Rep. Ilhan Omar (D-MN), Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (D-NY), Rep. Rashida Tlaib (D-MI), Rep. Betty McCollum (D-MN), Rep. Pramila Javapal (D-WA), and Rep. Raul Grijalva (D-AZ).  Their courage to stand up against the Democratic leadership, against AIPAC, and against the tidal wave of their fellow colleagues in the House must be recognized and applauded. 

Deb HaalandUnfortunately, my first term Congresswoman Debra Haaland (D-NM) did not display that courage. She issued no statement to explain her decision to oppose my constitutional right to boycott Israel but my hunch is that she will follow Speaker Pelosi’s wish —- the good inside game in politics —- on these matters. Although Haaland graduated from law school, her understanding or appreciation for the First Amendment is not strong.

On Cesar Chavez Day, Rep. Haaland stood on the stage with Dolores Huerta, but perhaps she wasn’t aware of the importance of that day — to remember a movement that was all about the use of boycotts!

The Senate has an identical resolution (S.Res. 120) which hasn’t been voted on yet. My two U.S. Senators are going to hear why I urge them to oppose it.

116th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. RES. 246

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

March 21, 2019

 (for himself, Mr. ZeldinMr. Nadler, and Mrs. Wagner) submitted the following resolution; which was referred to the Committee on Foreign Affairs, and in addition to the Committees on Financial ServicesScience, Space, and Technology, and the Judiciary, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned

RESOLUTION

Opposing efforts to delegitimize the State of Israel and the Global Boycott, Divestment, and Sanctions Movement targeting Israel.

Whereas the democratic, Jewish State of Israel is a key ally and strategic partner of the United States;

Whereas since Israel’s founding in 1948, Congress has repeatedly expressed our Nation’s unwavering commitment to the security of Israel as a Jewish and democratic state;

Whereas American policy has long sought to bring peace to the Middle East and recognized that both the Israeli and Palestinian people should be able to live in safe and sovereign states, free from fear and violence, with mutual recognition;

Whereas support for peace between the Israelis and Palestinians has long-standing bipartisan support in Congress;

Whereas it is the long-standing policy of the United States that a peaceful resolution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict should come through direct negotiations between the Government of Israel and the Palestinian Authority, with the support of countries in the region and around the world;

Whereas it is a hallmark of American democracy for citizens to petition the United States Government in favor of or against United States foreign policy;

Whereas cooperation between Israel and the United States is of great importance, especially in the context of rising anti-Semitism, authoritarianism and security problems in Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa;

Whereas the Global Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions Movement (BDS Movement) targeting Israel is a campaign that does not favor a two-state solution and that seeks to exclude the State of Israel and the Israeli people from the economic, cultural, and academic life of the rest of the world;

Whereas the BDS Movement targets not only the Israeli government but also Israeli academic, cultural, and civil society institutions, as well as individual Israeli citizens of all political persuasions, religions, and ethnicities, and in some cases even Jews of other nationalities who support Israel;

Whereas the BDS Movement does not recognize, and many of its supporters explicitly deny, the right of the Jewish people to national self-determination;

Whereas a founder of the BDS Movement has denied the right of the Jewish people in their homeland, saying, We oppose a Jewish state in any part of Palestine. No Palestinian, rational Palestinian, not a sell-out Palestinian, will ever accept a Jewish state in Palestine.;

Whereas university-based BDS efforts violate the core goals of the university and global cultural development, which thrive on free and open exchange and debate; and

Whereas the BDS Movement promotes principles of collective guilt, mass punishment, and group isolation, which are destructive of prospects for progress towards peace and a two-state solution: Now, therefore, be it

That the House of Representatives—

(1)

opposes the Global Boycott, Divestment, and Sanctions Movement (BDS Movement) targeting Israel, including efforts to target United States companies that are engaged in commercial activities that are legal under United States law, and all efforts to delegitimize the State of Israel;

(2)

affirms that the Global Boycott, Divestment, and Sanctions Movement undermines the possibility for a negotiated solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict by demanding concessions of one party alone and encouraging the Palestinians to reject negotiations in favor of international pressure;

(3)

urges Israelis and Palestinians to return to direct negotiations as the only way to achieve an end to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict;

(4)

supports the full implementation of the United States-Israel Strategic Partnership Act of 2014 (Public Law 113–296; 128 Stat. 4075) and new efforts to enhance government-wide, coordinated United States-Israel scientific and technological cooperation in civilian areas, such as with respect to energy, water, agriculture, alternative fuel technology, civilian space technology, and security, in order to counter the effects of actions to boycott, divest from, or sanction Israel; and

(5)

reaffirms its strong support for a negotiated solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict resulting in two states—a democratic Jewish State of Israel, and a viable, democratic Palestinian state—living side-by-side in peace, security, and mutual recognition.

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